Kabuki constitute one of the culture Japan’s which including types of art theater because has elements of story that was combined with art of dance and music. Within performances kabuki, entire the role is played of men, including the role women’s. The players dressed in costumes flashy and very luxurious. Make-up-his or her spelled out dramatic for accentuate the nature and character of figures.
Kabuki derived from word kabusu, kabuki, kabukan, or kabuki, which means weird. Art this drama was introduced by Okuni, a pastor from regions Izumo.
Speaks about the culture Japan, there are many things that could make us all of amazed. Countries-countries in the world indeed are created differently, complete with cultures who also different. Japan unique, as did with countries-other countries, including the Indonesian.
Broadly speaking, cultures which there are in many countries has a “umbrella” who same. Such as dances, music, performances theater, stories folk, mythology, clothing typical and things-other things that common. Of Culture Japan too thus.
Among the many products of Japanese culture, a real treat in the form of theater into one of the country sakura this. Theater who owned by culture the Japanese this on the essentially almost the same with the theater that exist in Indonesian. However, the use of various fixtures separti costumes, make up and language alone who of course different.
Culture Japan – History Kabuki
Okuni as a figure in behind culture Japan which one this pioneered the performances kabuki in 1603. Not is no history who clear regarding origins Okuni. Who known to person is simply that the Okuni plays a drama strange on that era, with clothing flashy and accompaniment popular song.
Not be presumed, it turns out kabuki got very good response. Of Culture Japan such with quickly became popular and included in artistry avant garde Japan period it, so that raises lot of imitators.
Unfortunately, the history of kabuki spotted the emergence of a group of female entertainers who engage in the practice of prostitution through drama onna-kabuki (kabuki played by women) so that the Tokugawa shogunate banned staging onna-kabuki in 1629 because it is considered immoral. Of Culture Japan this also had a chance prohibited.
Prohibition against the culture the Japanese which one this continues in 1629 for yaro-kabuki (kabuki of men) which had apparently become sheath prostitution in circles gigolo and gentleman-young man. As reaction from not the prohibition, comes the drama kabuki who diperankan adult men entirely, and became the concept of drama kabuki who known now.
Story who quite miris turned out to adorn history of the creation of culture Japan’s which one this. Until finally, art of theater typical of Japan this to survive until today.
Of Culture Japan – Type Kabuki
In beginning of its development, culture Japan, kabuki has two types of staging; kabuki-odori and kabuki-geki. Who distinguishes two types of kabuki this is the existence of element the story within kabuki-geki, whereas kabuki-odori just displayed dances and chants.
Edo Shogunate ruling that requires group kabuki play mimics kyogen, art stage a drama. Because it, kabuki-odori slowly-slowly disappeared whereas the kabuki-geki increasingly evolving.
Wisdom the shogunate Edo apparently has a relation to the effort pressing the tendency kabuki become prostitution veiled. Moment it, kabuki-odori is kabuki which popular with practice less well this.
The policy is an effort the shogunate for keep the moral folk. Because it, kabuki-geki are encouraged for become artistry who has the class and honor. One of them with incorporating elements of classic story heroism who charismatic. Kabuki this sort then be known with designations kabuki-kyogen.
Of Culture Japan – Technique Theatre
Of Culture Japan, Kabuki, which was originally only theater folk, was developed became the arts that classy and prestigious. Not alone theme who was appointed become more stronger, also amenities one repaired. It This because staging the play does not allow use the technique folk theater.
Panggung standards of performances kabuki be built in conjunction with the rapid development Japanese culture this. Structure story who willed shift in seting and time, done with technique of theater took form in shifting the screen. The theater kabuki also initially equipped with Hanamichi, which is a special room on the left side of the bleachers, functioned as the players enter and exit the stage.
Hanamichi make kabuki has a depth more if the compared with the previous. Hanamichi also stimulates the emergence of creations technique of theater three-dimensional. Techniques it among others series and chuzuri.
Series is part of the stage functional can go up and down. Stage allows the emergence of actors slowly-lava from the bottom of the stage. Whereas chuzuri is technique of hang actor from part top of the stage for display the scenes hovering or fly. Changes for the sake of changes else become thing who commonplace from culture Japan which one this.
Of Culture Japan – Story Kabuki
The framework of sustainer drama kabuki is story history of which called jidaimono. Author drama kabuki of regions Kamigata become pioneer in the writing of manuscript this drama. They a lot adapting the stories Ningyo Joruri.
This case apparently triggering creativity its own for writer kabuki origin Edo. Some writers kabuki origin of Edo unmoved mengkreasikan drama-drama new. They took part in keeping the Japanese culture such, for example Tsuruya Namboku, author of Kabui which lot of mengkreasikan stories heroism from epoch Bunka until the times Bunsei. So also with Kawatake Mokuami who popular in end of time Edo up to entering the Meiji era.
Some titles drama kabuki who famous for example: Taiheiki no sekai, Heike monogatari no sekai, Sogamono no sekai, and Sumidagawamono no sekai.
Of Culture Japan – Kabuki Traversing Zaman
Of Culture Japan, Kabuki born in the age Edo, and capable of survive up to era Meiji. On this period, its popularity at all not decreased. Only alone, kabuki often became the target of criticism circles intellectuals because considered less civilized.
Reign Meiji then push updates for kabuki for the sake of adjust with the times. Then, was born the new genre theater kabuki who called shimpa.
Of Culture Japan which one this continue to survive traverse the times. And, in 1965, kabuki recognized by the government the Japanese as an heritage grand cultural nonbendawi. Decision it was continues with the construction of national theater Japan’s in Tokyo, special for the staging kabuki.
Government also pointed to dento Kabuki Hōzonkai (Organization Preservation of Kabuki Traditional) as a preserver of Karya Agung Cultural Heritage Oral as well as Nonbendawi Humans Kabuki. As keeper of Japanese culture on this one.
Of Culture Japan – The term Languages Japanese which Derived from Kabuki
Some of the terms in cultures Japan, kabuki, the term within kabuki absorbed into in the treasury language of Japanese. Here this the term language Japanese which taken from culture Japan, kabuki.
1. The term of Culture Japan from Kabuki – Sashigane
In top of the stage, in performances Japanese culture which one this, if there is scenes who involving actor kabuki chasing a butterfly or bird, maid which called Koken (assistant in the stage which often dressed in black) clutching a long stick. At the end of a long stick that contained a butterfly or bird called Sashigane. In the language Japanese, the term sashigane is used in the negative connotations, namely “person who controlling”.
2. The term of Culture Japan from Kabuki – Kuromaku
In top of stage performances kabuki, moment one of one type of culture Japan this is played, night is marked with curtain (maku) which colored black (kuro). In the language Japan, there are the term sekai no kuromaku. Inside the term it, the word kuro (black) changed the meaning become “evil”. In the language Japanese, kuromaku means “mastermind” like in the sense mastermind crime “.
Of Culture Japan – Music Kabuki
Art of music accompanist Japanese culture, kabuki divided based on direction of sources the sound. Music who played on the right side the stage of direction of the audience is called gidayubushi. Takemoto (Chobo) is the designation for gidayubushi specifically for kabuki.
Besides it, the music which played on the left side the stage of direction of the audience is called Geza ongaku, whereas the music which played in above the stage is called Debayashi. Music-music it play a role as pemeriah of performances Japanese culture this.